Whether you’re having what seems a relatively small procedure done to your nose or a bigger operation that may dramatically change your look, deciding to undergo rhinoplasty (a nose job) is a major decision. In addition to undergoing the rhinoplasty procedure itself, a nose job requires careful and well-planned recovery time in order to reduce potential complications and ensure you feel the full benefits of undergoing the procedure.
While you will get some fantastic and detailed tips and instructions from your consultant to help you in this regard, here’s a handy checklist of rhinoplasty post-op essentials that you can use to ensure you have everything you need for a comfortable and speedy recovery.
There’s a high chance that after undergoing rhinoplasty the early stages of recovery will see you suffering with dried lips. Ensure that dried lips are stopped from becoming painful cracked lips by having a good quality lip balm to call on. Be sure to buy this pre-op and take it into the hospital so you have your favourite one to hand right away.
As you’ll be breathing predominantly through your mouth in the early stages, a dry mouth is a given. Mouth strips are a popular choice among rhinoplasty patients, though mouthwash is another option if you’d prefer to use this instead.
A U-shaped neck pillow is an essential for post-operative rhinoplasty. The reason? You’ll be told to sleep upright by your consultant, maybe for just a few days but potentially for longer – different consultants will give different timescales.
We’re not going to go into the details here, as we’re sure you know what we’re getting at. Depending on what, if any, pain medication you use you could well end up constipated as a side effect. This is usually not pleasant, so ensure you have a pro-active measure lined up, just in case!
Drinking from a straw will make your life much easier in the days post-operation. Make sure you have plenty at home so avoid discomfort. Your doctor will recommend plenty of water, however a weak squash drink will also be acceptable, so be sure you have something you like to drink at home, or some lemons and limes to slice and add to your water.
A few days after your operation your doctor will give you the go ahead to use a solution or spray to remove any dried patches of blood that remain in your nasal cavity post-operation. As well as doing the initial “cleaning out” job, using a saline solution or spray is useful for clearing your nose over the coming weeks while the swelling subsides, and will give you a great feeling of having a cleared nose.
Breathing air with a higher humidity than usual can help with the dry lips and mouth issues, so depending on when you undergo your operation and where you are in Australia you may wish to invest in an air humidifier. For those of you that use dehumidifiers to make your home more comfortable when it’s hot, consider switching them off while you’re recovering from your operation.
You’ll know what medication you need to take before undergoing your operation, and how often you need to take it, so be sure to set alarms on your phone to sound whenever you need to take your medication. Alternatively, you can download an app that will send a notification telling you what you need to take and when.
Before you head to the clinic for your rhinoplasty procedure, it pays to ensure you’ve prepared everything you’re going to eat for at least the first week you’re at home afterwards. Plan your meals and have them in the fridge or freezer ready to cook, while snacks should be soft and easy to eat. Your doctor will usually give you a list of useful foods, but bananas and soft berries are always a handy, healthy option.
Last but by no means least, washing your face is naturally going to be difficult. While your doctor may provide you with a specific soap or solution depending on scarring, you should prepare yourself with moisturising face wipes to make it easier to clean your face during the early stages of recovery.
You’re now all set to go! Use this checklist prior to undergoing your procedure to ensure you have everything you need to give yourself the best chance of a comfortable and successful recovery.
Disclaimer: This article contains general comments and recommendations only. This article has been prepared without taking account of your objectives, financial situation or needs. Before taking any action you should consider the appropriateness of the comments made in the article, having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. If this article relates to the acquisition, or possible acquisition, of a particular credit product you should obtain and consider the relevant disclosure documents before applying for the product.
Cosmetic Surgery, Plastic Surgery
If you’re considering undergoing a cosmetic procedure, or indeed any type of voluntary surgery, one thing you may not give much thought to is the time of year that is best to have your operation. However, many surgeons now say that scheduling your surgery for the cooler winter months from June to July may aid your recovery.
Here’s three reasons why this is the case.
This is two benefits in one due to the connection between the two, but how does this help you when recovering from an operation?
First, we all know about the damage the sun can do to our skin. When we are recovering from surgery, that is when our skin is at its most vulnerable, as scars start to heal and our skin starts to recover. If we overexpose ourselves to the sun at this point, it can lead to surgery wounds taking significantly longer to heal. There is also a higher risk of infection, while in some cases the sun can damage scar tissue to the point we’re left with permanently damaged skin. Fewer hours of sunlight in the day and the less intense nature of the sun in the winter means your skin enjoys the best chance to heal.
Where do cooler temperatures come into play?
For many, while they will choose to undergo cosmetic or another type of voluntary surgery to improve their look and their confidence, while recovering it can be daunting to be seen with swelling and bruising. The cooler temperatures mean that we’d be more likely to be wearing more layers and keeping ourselves covered up when we’re outside anyway. People have fewer days out in the winter, too, so you can take the time to relax indoors, put the heating on, and take the time you need for your recovery.
While more Australians than ever are holidaying abroad, with many of them heading north of the equator to South East Asia during the Australian winter, undergoing your surgery in the winter gives you the chance to enjoy a so-called “staycation” and take a trip to somewhere local instead.
We all know that taking the time to rest and recover in the short term leads to better results in the long-term. Choosing winter surgery may also mean that your social schedule is less busy, allowing you to easily take all the time you need to recover. This all means that you’ll feel less stress, which itself is known to lead to a longer recovery time! From going to the airport to making sure you’ve invited everyone to the barbecue, choosing a winter operation means you miss out a lot of these common problems to help you focus on what matters.
On top of this, ensure you take on board any specific guidelines from your consultant that will also aid your recovery.
Who wants to spend the summer months recovering from surgery, to find that once they’re fully recovered it’s gotten colder and is starting to rain a lot more? By opting to schedule your surgery for the winter months, you will usually be able to ensure you have recovered, or at least got through the main part of your recovery schedule, before the summer, enabling you to take a summer holiday and enjoy the best weather of the year.
Don’t discount the positive impact deliberately choosing the timing of your surgery can have on your recovery. Consider opting for a winter procedure to enable you to recover more effectively, and get set for next summer!
As the popularity of cosmetic and other types of voluntary surgery increases, so does the range of locations where you can undergo such procedures. As such, the range in cost, as well as the quality of surgery and aftercare on offer, is also starting to vary to a greater extent.
Overall, the saying “you get what you pay for” usually rings true when it comes to a cosmetic procedure. While you can never guarantee that spending a lot of money will give you the outcome you desire, it’s almost certain that if you opt for cheap surgery you may regret it, and probably end up spending far more in the long-term fixing the initial result.
Fixing botched surgery can take a long time and cost a lot of money, not to mention the potential impact on your confidence and overall psychological well-being. In some serious cases, it may be impossible for problems to be fixed, leaving you with the legacy of cheap surgery for the rest of your life.
It should be stressed that it isn’t the case that when we say “cheap surgery” that we’re only talking about clinics overseas, either. There are plenty of places in Australia where you can undergo cheap surgery should you choose to do so.
When we write about tips for researching into a specific procedure or clinic, one of the big focus areas we always seek to highlight is that patients should be looking for and asking about the qualifications and experience of the doctor they’re consulting with.
A doctor may be able to perform many procedures for specific surgery types at a cheaper cost. Even if these doctors are able to provide you with inspirational images and testimonials, what you don’t know is how the end result will look on your body. You can have a very subtle scar and look great, but that still doesn’t mean the surgery is final and you may require further surgery. Some surgery problems may not make themselves known for many years after you’ve undergone a procedure.
Cheap surgery from an under-qualified surgeon simply isn’t worth the risk.
Instead of adopting a mindset where you decide you’re going to undergo surgery from the cheapest provider, be sure to choose only an accredited surgeon first and foremost, and once you have received your quotes and spoken to a handful of them you can make a decision.
While it is likely you have spent plenty of time researching the procedure you are considering undergoing online, you may not have the first idea where to begin when it comes to finding an accredited clinic or doctor.
If you are someone who needs help in this regard, then MacList may be able to help. MacList brings together a collection of clinics and doctors in your local area that offer the procedure you’re looking for. You can then view the websites of these clinics, book initial consultations, or contact them with any questions you may have.
If you’re still concerned about covering the cost of your surgery, don’t be tempted into undergoing cheap surgery that could ruin your life. All of the clinics listed on MacList allow you to use a MacCredit payment plan to pay for your treatment. Once you have used MacList and attended your initial consultation you can apply for a MacCredit payment plan here, or contact us on 1300 884 355 to discuss your options.
Cosmetic Surgery, Medical Treatement, Plastic Surgery
Whether you’ve only just started giving serious thought to undergoing cosmetic surgery, or you’ve made your decision and are now looking for a clinic and surgeon, the reality of whatever treatment or procedure you’re looking at is that a successful outcome begins with your initial consultation.
When you find a clinic or surgeon and go for your consultation, this is your opportunity to ask as many questions as possible, to put your mind at rest about any concerns you may have, and to understand everything there is to know about what’s going to happen. The answers to these questions will help you to understand whether cosmetic surgery is right for you, and also whether that specific surgeon or clinic is where you want to undergo your treatment or procedure.
Here’s the five most important questions you should be seeking answers to during your consultation.
Believe it or not:
While this sounds incredible and unbelievable, it means that you need to take charge of finding out what qualifications your surgeon has, and the accreditation level of the clinic you are visiting. Find out how long the surgeon has been working in this field, when they qualified, and ask about their experiences. On top of this, ask questions about the clinic and its history.
When asking these questions, be sure to make it clear you’re asking specifically about the procedure you’re considering for yourself. Many doctors may be trained in cosmetic surgery but be far more experienced in dealing with some operations than others.
While the answer may depend on the location of the clinic as well as the popularity of a specific procedure – breast augmentation for women is far more popular than ‘man boob’ reduction for men, for example – ideally you’re looking for plenty of specific and recent experience in carrying out the procedure you’re considering.
If you’re visiting a clinic or a surgeon that specializes in what you’re looking for, then you can be confident in a positive outcome for your own treatment. As well as asking the question, many surgeons and clinics will have a portfolio of before and after pictures of patients. Ask to look at these too to understand what the outcome of the treatment may look like for you.
This question is an important one both for putting your mind at rest but also so you can understand the anesthetist cost that will be incurred on top of your surgery. Once you have the details around anesthesia – and perhaps have some different options if there’s flexibility and choice – you can move forward happy.
We would recommend:
Although cosmetic surgery is more popular than ever before, some people still don’t realise the impact the post-treatment stage can have on your life. Even if you are undergoing a relatively simple procedure, you could have a period of weeks or even months afterwards where you need to take things easy or avoid certain situations.
Ensure you ask about specific restrictions and rules you need to stick by. Ignoring your doctor’s advice at this stage can lead to complications and even illness depending on your procedure.
When it comes to recovery, don’t base your expectations on something you may have read online. We’re all different, and as such your doctor will give you a tailored recovery plan. In some cases, for example should you be undergoing bariatric surgery, then you’ll be given a very specific plan of what you should eat and when, as well as other guidance to ensure a safe and speedy recovery.
Listen carefully to the guidance you are given here; if you need to take extra time off work for your recovery, for example, then you may need to schedule your treatment for a later date.
Before committing to any surgery, you need to know the cost. Your initial consultation will usually be free, but after that your pre-surgery appointment, as well as the surgery itself and the anesthesia, will need to be paid for. When asking this question, ask to what extent any post-treatment visits or follow up treatment is covered in the cost. The last thing you want to do is to pay out $10,000 for a procedure and then have a future unexpected bill for $3,000 in a few months’ time for something you thought was covered under the initial cost.
With MacCredit, you can take out a payment plan that suits you, while you can also find accredited clinics and surgeons using MacList.
Be sure to ask these questions and explore your options to ensure you find the best clinic and surgeon to meet your needs.
*Reference: Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons Inc.
Undergoing cosmetic ear surgery – or otoplasty to give it the medical term – can truly be life changing. Whether you are looking to undergo otoplasty for cosmetic and appearance reasons, or whether you have a medical issue that has been treated and you now require otoplasty, having the surgery can change your appearance and boost your self-esteem and confidence at the same time.
Otoplasty is used to improve the shape, position, or proportion of patients’ ears.
This type of surgery is often used to correct defects in the ear structure that are present at birth, although very young children will usually not be operated on unless there is a medical urgency for doing so. Often defects in the ear structure will only become apparent as young children grow.
While otoplasty is a common procedure undertaken by children, it is something that is available to all regardless of age and circumstances. Among adults, otoplasty is common where misshapen ears are present as the result of injury or because of a medical condition.
At the same time, adults may have structural defects that have been present since birth that were not previously treated, so may choose to undergo otoplasty as soon as they can. Adults may also choose otoplasty if as they grow older they feel dissatisfied with how they look following previous corrective surgery when they were a child.
The aim of otoplasty is to give the ear a natural shape and bring balance and proportion both to the ears and to the face in general. This may mean having your ears “pinned back” to avoid them protruding, or having the size of your ear lobes reduced.
Even small changes to the size and shape of our ears can have a profound effect on our self-confidence.
Specific reasons why someone may choose to undergo otoplasty include, but are not limited to, macrotia – a rare condition where ears are unusually large – and protruding ears on one or both sides where the protrusion is not related to hearing loss.
In the majority of cases, otoplasty is an elective surgery that isn’t considered essential from a medical point of view. Should you wish to undergo otoplasty for whatever reason, then it is often the case that you will be able to do so.
Below, we look at some of the criteria for undergoing otoplasty to help you identify whether you might be a candidate for this treatment.
Cosmetic surgeons will always put your health first, so this is the first thing to make sure of when considering otoplasty. If you’re generally unhealthy, you should look to make other changes to your life first before looking into this procedure.
If you suffer from recurring ear infections or other ear issues, or have any life-threatening conditions, then clinics will not perform otoplasty on you.
In addition to ear structure defects becoming evident at different stages, this is another reason why children undergo otoplasty at different ages. Surgeons will not operate on a child if their ear cartilage is not firm enough to withstand surgery. This could mean a child undergoes otoplasty at a very young age or later in life when they’re teenagers.
While clinics require parental permission to undertake the procedure itself, many today are happy to be child-led in terms of deciding whether to have otoplasty, and will communicate directly with the child about the procedure and the benefits of doing so.
If an injury has left you with misshapen or protruding ears, then otoplasty could help correct the problem and help you to regain lost confidence and self-esteem.
As we mentioned above, adults often want to undergo additional otoplasty when they are dissatisfied with the outcome of a previous procedure, usually one that was undertaken when they were a child.
If you are a smoker, clinics usually won’t carry out otoplasty on you.
If you don’t like your ears, then you can do something about it thanks to otoplasty! In addition to the above criteria, you should also be able to follow simple instructions, as there will be specific things you will be told to do, as well as things you can and can’t do, both before and after undergoing the procedure.
If you want to undergo otoplasty, you can use MacList to find a clinic, while MacCredit is here to help if you have any concerns about how you will cover the cost of your otoplasty treatment.
All clinics and doctors listed on MacList accept patients who are planning to pay for their surgery using a MacCredit payment plan, which you can apply for here.
Whether you’re considering undergoing a cosmetic surgery procedure because you want to improve a specific aspect of your appearance and boost your confidence, or you’re awaiting essential cosmetic treatment as a follow up to a prior medical condition, it is likely you have plenty of questions and perhaps even some fears about the procedure you’re about to undergo.
It is perfectly natural to have some level of apprehension and anxiety before undergoing a procedure. While some people are able to deal with how they feel, for some their cosmetic surgery fears can be full-blown phobias to the point they require counselling to help them even make a decision about undergoing surgery.
Wherever you find yourself on the anxiety scale, we should stress that if you feel that you’re not sure of the risks attached to cosmetic surgery – and there is always a risk, no matter how small – or you’re unable to understand or accept them, then you shouldn’t undergo the procedure if you don’t want to, unless it is an essential treatment.
You can lower or perhaps even completely remove your anxiety by taking a number of steps prior to undergoing a procedure. Whether you’re opting for an elective procedure or you have been told you should have – or at least consider having – something done following a medical issue, a lot of what you can do in the lead up to it will help to put your mind at rest.
Here’s what you should do.
Confidentiality rules governing the medical profession mean that you can’t be put in contact with people who have been treated at a specific clinic or undergone a specific procedure in the past. However, there are plenty of online forums – not to mention social media websites – where you can go for support and to ask questions about different procedures and clinics.
Talking to people who have previously undergone a procedure and will be able relate to you is a great way not just to relieve anxiety but also to understand the difference it has made to their lives. This is a powerful means of understanding the experience of the procedure and the effect it could have on your life.
If your consultant doesn’t put you at ease, then this is likely to be a major cause of your anxiety. This doesn’t mean the consultant is necessarily bad at what they do, but their personality might just not be what you need to make you feel happy about undergoing your procedure with them.
When you’re at ease with your surroundings and the people who will be administering your treatment, you’ll feel much better about it.
If you’re struggling to find a clinic or consultant you can use MacList to help you.
Carrying out your own research into the procedure you’re interested in is another great way to help put your mind at rest. There are numerous medical advice websites available today where you can find out everything you need to know about specific procedures or medical terms that you don’t understand.
Be wary that when doing your research, you might find yourself gravitating towards what you perceive to be the negative aspects of the procedure.
Rather than letting these put you off, use them to help inform and formulate the questions you’re going to ask during your next consultation.
For some patients, their anxiety of the period of recovery post-surgery can outweigh the worry surrounding the surgery itself.
Those undergoing gastric band procedures, for example, may worry about what they can consume in the weeks following surgery or when they’ll be able to “eat properly” again.
While clinics will inform you of everything you should do post-surgery to ensure you minimize risks and reduce your recovery time, be sure to ask any additional questions you may have. Remember that when it comes to post-surgery, each of our bodies adapts differently, and just because you speak to a couple of people online who were fully recovered in a short space of time that doesn’t mean the same will be true for you. In fact, by rushing ahead with your recovery post-surgery you could be putting yourself at further risk of complications.
Though you will always be able to find examples of when worst case scenarios have played out following cosmetic surgery, remember that overall the risks are very small. By following the other tips above, you will feel at ease and find the best clinic and surgeon to undergo your procedure with, regardless of whether you’re undergoing elective surgery or need treatment out of necessity.
Put you mind at rest and move forward with the cosmetic surgery that could change your life. If you are worried about how to cover the cost of your procedure, then MacCredit may be able to help with a payment plan tailored to you.
Apply for your MacCredit payment plan now.
Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery isn’t just for women. While it is still more common for women to undergo such procedures, they are growing in popularity among image conscious men, while the stigma related to undergoing a treatment as a man is also slowly reducing.
Here’s a look at the top five plastic surgery procedures that men across Australia are looking for.
While there are plenty of men out there who dream of having a six-pack, bigger biceps, and a generally more well defined body, many of them accept that without committing themselves to the gym in the long run and sticking to a strict eating regime that it might be unrealistic to 100% achieve what we want to, especially as our lives are getting busier all the time.
Along with this, many men then choose to focus on making their appearance what they would deem to be acceptable. For increasing numbers of men in Australia, this means waving goodbye to “man boobs,” hopefully forever.
There are numerous options out there for men who are interested in undergoing breast reduction surgery, though liposuction followed by the removal of excess skin is the most popular. While there’s a short recovery time of a few weeks before you can start heavy lifting again – whether you do this for work or are a regular at the gym – if you’re looking for body confidence this might be top of your cosmetic surgery wish list.
More commonly known as nose jobs, rhinoplasty procedures are growing in popularity among men of all ages. For many men, their nose is like their ears, in that they continue to grow throughout their lives. This leads to a lot of older men exploring rhinoplasty options as they age.
Among younger men, choosing surgery to reshape or resize the nose is also common, while choosing rhinoplasty following a facial injury gained at work or playing sports is also on the increase.
Medically termed blepharoplasty, eyelid lifts are common among men who are keen to reduce signs of ageing. As well as taking away the youthful appearance of your face, there is also a medical consideration here, as if your eyelids have started to sag they can affect your vision, despite there being nothing actually wrong with your eyes themselves.
There is also the option of undergoing a lower blepharoplasty as an alternative treatment or alongside the eyelid lift. The lower blepharoplasty looks to remove eye bags from beneath the eyes and can instantly make you look younger and more energetic.
Whether you’re a man who is tired of feeling like you’re in your late 20’s but looking like you’re in your 50’s, or you have felt your confidence sap as you have aged, a facelift could be an option for you, and is one that many Australian men are already choosing.
Many men who choose to undergo a facelift will also undergo skin rejuvenation surgery to minimise scarring, and find that both their personal and professional lives can massively benefit as a result.
Away from specific instances of breast reduction surgery, liposuction as a more general treatment, along with body contouring, is growing in popularity among men in Australia. While men can choose to undergo these treatments without having had any prior surgery or different treatments, they are common among men who have undergone gastric band or bariatric surgery, and having lost weight are keen to remove remaining unflattering fatty deposits or confidence-draining stretch marks.
These are great options for getting back what you consider to be your normal body shape following a period of weight loss and lifestyle change.
Whether you’re looking for one of these five treatments, or are considering undergoing some cosmetic dentistry treatment or another procedure, MacList can help you to find a clinic near you.
All clinics you will find on MacList allow patients to pay using a MacCredit payment plan. If you require help paying for your cosmetic surgery, you can apply for a MacCredit payment plan here.
Health News, Medical Treatement, Plastic Surgery
Whether it’s a toothpaste ad, a glossy magazine, or even one of our best friends, many of us have a smile that we’re envious of and wish we had ourselves. Sadly, many people wrongly believe that getting a perfect, ‘insta-famous’ smile that they’d want to share far and wide on their social media accounts is beyond them. This isn’t the case at all.
The great thing about achieving a beautiful smile is that it can often deal with a cosmetic and a medical need at the same time. For example, fixing crooked teeth will make you look better and feel much more confident in your smile, but the primary motivation is almost always going to be making dramatic improvements to your dental health.
Whether you’re primarily motivated by cosmetic reasons or have an underlying dental issue that needs treating, an ‘insta-famous’ smile may only be a simple procedure or course of treatment away.
Here are some options you might wish to explore to improve your own smile, and to enjoy all the benefits that come with doing so.
What’s less attractive: braces or crooked teeth?
The answer for many people might be braces, because there’s a lot of self-awareness around them. Yet at the same time, we have to consider whether the trade-off of having braces is worth it to then have a beautiful ‘insta-famous’ smile forever.
For many people, this trade will definitely be worth it.
What’s more, braces have come a long way, particularly over the last 20 years, and the stereotypical “brace face” is very much a thing of the past. A lot of brace treatments today are very subtle, while small changes can be made by non-permanent brace fittings. For permanent fittings, specific colours or even see-through options are available to reduce your self-awareness.
Braces are definitely one treatment where a medical need will usually take precedence, though you can get them fitted purely for cosmetic dentistry reasons, too.
While some dentists can also provide lip fillers, it is usually better to go to a proper cosmetic surgeon to undergo any treatment for the lips. This is especially true if you require a broader treatment than simply having a filler injected into your lips.
For example, if you have a high lip – and as a result have a toothy smile that you feel is excessive – and would like this to be dealt with at the same time, you need to see a lip surgeon anyway. Other treatments that are commonly sought at the same time include anti-wrinkle injections and muscle relaxing treatments to allow a wider, more expressive smile.
Lip fillers can be relatively cheap, but often the lowest price ones leave you needing to seek a repeat treatment after 2-3 months. Instead, seek out a longer lasting pout by opting for lip fillers that can last around 18 months. If you’re not sure if you’ll like the effect, then the shorter lasting ones might be an option so you can decide whether fuller looking lips really are for you or not.
Whether you already have straight teeth or need to have braces fitted first, or perhaps even need additional cosmetic dentistry treatment beforehand, a great way to add the finishing touch to your ‘insta-famous’ smile is to undergo teeth whitening treatment. While there are numerous treatments that you can buy off the shelf in the supermarket or the beauty store, the truth is you might be using these for months and spending a hell of a lot of money when the “guaranteed two shades lighter” on the box doesn’t make any real, noticeable difference to you at all.
Instead, seek out something longer lasting. The two most popular options are in-chair whitening, which is exactly how it sounds – you simply attend the dentist and they give your teeth a professional clean and whitening treatment on the day. Sometimes these can last as little as 45 minutes, and there’s no need to hang around afterwards. Alternatively, a cosmetic dentist can provide a tray treatment that you wear for around 30 minutes a day for a week, after which you don’t require further treatment, though follow up trays can be purchased to keep your smile as bright as you want it to be.
We think the ‘insta-famous’ smile is much more than a beauty trend. It’s a great way for all of us to lose our self-awareness around our smiles and to feel far more confident in social situations or when being photographed.
You shouldn’t let finances get in the way of your quest for the perfect smile, either. Use MacList to find a cosmetic dentist or a cosmetic lip surgeon near you, then apply for a MacCredit payment plan to cover the cost.